What is Technical SEO? Explained

technical SEO

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In the high-octane world of Technical SEO, every tweak and adjustment can set your website on a trajectory toward stellar search engine rankings. Here at Shantel, we’ve honed the art of optimizing websites to speak the language of search engines fluently. Today, we take you on an exploration of what Technical SEO is and how it serves as the backbone of a robust digital presence.

The Foundations

Technical SEO might sound daunting, but it’s simply about ensuring your website can be easily crawled and indexed by search engines. It’s the behind-the-scenes wizardry that sets the stage for successful SEO strategies.

What is Technical SEO?

At its core, Technical SEO refers to optimizing the infrastructure of a website. This facet of SEO focuses on enhancing the technical aspects to improve the ranking of its pages in the search engines. Unlike content marketing or link-building, Technical SEO aims to optimize the nuts and bolts of your website so search engines can access, crawl, and interpret your site without a hitch.

Its Vital Elements

Technical SEO is the bedrock upon which other SEO strategies are built. It encompasses several key elements:

  1. Site Speed: A swift website enhances user experience and is favored by search engines.
  2. Mobile Responsiveness: With the majority of internet browsing done on mobile devices, your site must perform impeccably on every screen size.
  3. Crawlability: Search engines need to read your website with ease to list it in search results, making a clear, logical site structure crucial.

Why is Technical SEO Imperative?

Without a solid technical foundation, even the most engaging content won’t be found by your audience. Technical SEO ensures your website can be discovered, read, and indexed by search engines, which is essential in driving organic traffic. It’s the unsung hero of SEO that works in the shadows to elevate your online visibility.

Critical Components

At Shantel, we identify three pillars within Technical SEO that support a website’s journey to the top of search engine rankings.

Crawling and Indexation

Crawling is how search engines discover your pages, and indexation is how they store and retrieve them. Without proper crawling and indexation, a site might as well be invisible.

  • Crawlers: Search engine bots that navigate your site to determine what’s on your pages.
  • Sitemaps: These are like roadmaps for crawlers, listing all the URLs you want to be indexed.

Crawlers look at various attributes on your site to understand the content. The more streamlined this process, the better your chances are of a higher ranking.

Site Structure and Navigation

The architecture of your website should enable both users and search engines to find information with ease. A logical structure and simple navigation are key.

  • Hierarchical Layout: This means organizing content in a clear, tiered structure.
  • Breadcrumb Navigation: These navigational aids link back to the homepage and show users their current location on the site.

When search engines understand your site hierarchy, they can attribute the appropriate importance to each page.

Technical On-page Elements

On-page elements are the aspects of a webpage that can be optimized for search engines and include things like title tags, meta descriptions, and header tags.

  • Title Tags: These are critical as they tell search engines what your webpage is about.
  • Header Tags: These break up content into sections that are easier to read and understand.

Optimizing these elements helps search engines assess the relevancy of your content to user queries, which can directly affect rankings.

The Role of Robots.txt and Meta Tags

Robots.txt files and meta tags speak directly to search engines, guiding them on how to handle the content on your site.

Mastering Robots.txt

Robots.txt is a file at the root of your site that tells search engines which pages or sections should not be crawled.

  • Purpose of Robots.txt: This file is crucial as it can prevent search engines from crawling duplicate content or sections of your site that are not relevant.
  • Robots.txt Missteps: A wrongly configured robots.txt can accidentally block important pages from being indexed.

The Importance of Meta Tags

Meta tags provide metadata about the HTML document that aren’t displayed on the page but are parsed by search engines.

  • Meta Robots Tag: This tag tells search engines what to do with your pages: whether to index them, follow the links, or neither.
  • Canonical Tags: They are used to address duplicate content issues by specifying the “canonical” or “preferred” version of a web page.

Using these tags correctly ensures search engines correctly understand and display your content.

Speed Optimization

Website speed is not just about providing a better user experience—it’s also a ranking factor for search engines.

The Impact of Loading Speed

A fast-loading website retains visitors, reduces bounce rates, and generally performs better in search engine results.

  • Site Speed Tools: Use tools like Google’s PageSpeed Insights to identify how you can make your site faster.
  • Optimization Techniques: Compressing images, leveraging browser caching, and minimizing CSS/JavaScript can significantly improve load times.

Improving site speed is a continuous process that can lead to a direct increase in page ranking and user satisfaction.

Mobile Optimization: Capturing the On-the-Go Audience

With mobile traffic dominating the web, your site must perform flawlessly on mobile devices.

Why Mobile-Friendliness Is Non-Negotiable

Mobile-friendliness is a ranking factor, and search engines prioritize websites that provide a great mobile experience.

  • Responsive Design: This ensures your site adapts to any device’s screen size, providing a seamless user experience.
  • Mobile-First Indexing: Google now uses the mobile version of the content for indexing and ranking, making mobile optimization more critical than ever.

How to Achieve Mobile Perfection

There are several steps you can take to ensure your website is mobile-friendly:

  • Use Mobile-Friendly Test Tools: Google offers a tool that can analyze your URL and report if the page has a mobile-friendly design.
  • Implement AMP: Accelerated Mobile Pages (AMP) can speed up the performance of your mobile pages, enhancing user experience.

Mobile optimization is a cornerstone of Technical SEO that can dramatically improve your search engine rankings.

Security and Technical SEO

The security of your website influences its SEO rankings. Secure sites are favored by search engines and users alike.

The Significance of HTTPS

HTTPS is a protocol used for secure communications over a computer network. It’s a trust signal for users and a ranking factor for Google.

  • SSL Certificates: Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) certificates encrypt data between the user’s browser and your server, adding a layer of security.
  • HTTPS as a Ranking Signal: Google has confirmed that websites using HTTPS will have a ranking advantage over those that don’t.

Safeguarding Your SEO Efforts

A secure site protects users’ data and your SEO investments.

  • Regular Security Audits: Regular checks can identify vulnerabilities before they are exploited.
  • Update and Patch: Keeping software up to date is crucial in preventing security breaches that can take your site offline and damage your SEO efforts.

Prioritizing security is not only best practice for user experience but also an integral part of Technical SEO strategy.


Does Technical SEO require regular attention, or is it a one-time setup?

It is not a set-it-and-forget-it part of your strategy. It requires ongoing attention and maintenance.

As search engine algorithms evolve, new requirements emerge, and your website changes, regular audits and updates are essential to maintain and improve search engine rankings.

How does Technical SEO intersect with user experience (UX)?

Technical SEO and UX are closely intertwined. Technical elements like site speed, mobile responsiveness, and secure browsing significantly impact user experience.

If a site is fast, accessible on all devices, and secure, it provides a better experience, which search engines recognize and reward with higher rankings.

What role does structured data play in Technical SEO?

Structured data, which is code in a specific format that search engines understand, plays a vital role. That helps search engines interpret and display your content in ‘rich snippets’ — enhanced search results like star ratings for reviews or price range for products — which can improve visibility and click-through rates.

How does Technical SEO affect voice search?

Technical SEO is crucial for voice search optimization. As voice search queries tend to be more conversational and longer, your website needs to be technically sound to rank well for these queries.

This includes having a fast-loading website, mobile optimization, and content structured in a way that search engines can easily extract answers for voice search results.

Can Technical SEO impact the cost of my paid search campaigns?

Yes, it can. A well-optimized site can result in a higher Quality Score in Google Ads. This score affects your cost per click and ad ranking.

Therefore, better Technical SEO can lead to lower costs and better ad placements.

Are there any specific Technical SEO considerations for e-commerce websites?

E-commerce websites should pay particular attention to Technical SEO. They need to ensure their site architecture is intuitive and scalable, product pages are correctly tagged with structured data, and that there’s a proper canonical tag strategy to avoid duplicate content issues.

Also, ensuring fast page loads is critical due to the typically image-heavy nature of e-commerce sites.

Closing Thoughts

Technical SEO might seem complex, but it’s an essential part of any successful SEO strategy. At Shantel, we excel in executing these adjustments to launch your website at the forefront of search engine results.

Remember, by overlooking the technical details, you might be capping your site’s potential. Embrace this SEO variation and watch your site ascend to new heights.

In the high-stakes game of SEO, Technical SEO is your ace in the hole. If you’re ready to empower your website with spot-on finesse, our company can be your go-to guru!