How to Do Keyword Research for SEO: A Beginner’s Guide

Keyword Research for SEO

Table of Contents

Today, we are going to address how to conduct keyword research for SEO. This isn’t a basic overview; we’re going straight into the nitty-gritty details. Whether you’re a small business owner, a content creator, or someone looking to improve your website’s visibility, this guide is for you.

Why Is This Research Crucial?

This isn’t just a task you check off your SEO to-do list; it’s the backbone of any successful SEO strategy. Let’s explore why it’s so important.

The Importance of Being Seen

Firstly, keyword research helps you get found. The internet is a vast space, and your website is like a needle in a haystack. By optimizing for the right keywords, you increase your chances of being discovered by search engines and, consequently, by users.

User Intent and Conversion

Secondly, keyword research helps you understand what your audience is looking for. This is crucial for conversion. If you know what people are searching for, you can tailor your content to meet those specific needs, making it more likely that visitors will convert into customers.

Competitive Edge

Lastly, keyword research gives you a competitive advantage. Knowing what keywords your competitors are ranking for can help you make strategic decisions. You can either aim to outrank them for those keywords or find untapped opportunities that they haven’t exploited.


Not all keywords are created equal. There are different types, each serving a unique purpose. Let’s break them down.

Short-Tail Type

Short-tail keywords are broad and consist of one or two words. For example, “shoes” or “running shoes.” They have a high search volume but are also highly competitive. While they can bring a lot of traffic, the conversion rate is usually low because the search intent is not very specific.

Long-Tail Type

Long-tail keywords are more specific and usually consist of three or more words. For example, “best running shoes for flat feet.” These keywords have lower search volume but higher conversion rates because they are more aligned with the user’s intent.

LSI Type

LSI (Latent Semantic Indexing) keywords are terms related to your main keyword. For example, if your main keyword is “coffee,” LSI might include “espresso,” “latte,” and “cappuccino.” Incorporating these can help improve the topical relevance of your content.

Tools for Research

There are numerous tools available for keyword research. Here are some of the most effective ones you should consider using.

Google Keyword Planner

  • Free to use
  • Integrated with Google Ads
  • Provides search volume and competition data

This tool is free and provides valuable insights into keyword search volume and competition. It’s a good starting point for beginners.


  • Paid tool with a free trial
  • Comprehensive analytics
  • Competitor analysis features

SEMrush offers a more in-depth analysis, including keyword difficulty, SERP features, and more. It’s particularly useful for spying on your competition.


  • Paid tool with a free trial
  • Backlink analysis
  • Keyword difficulty and search volume data

Ahrefs is another robust tool that provides comprehensive data on keywords, including how difficult it would be to rank for them and what kind of backlinks you’d need.

How to Evaluate Keywords

Once you have a list of potential keywords, the next step is to evaluate them. Here’s how to do it effectively.

Search Volume

The first metric to consider is search volume. While it’s tempting to go for keywords with high search volume, remember that they are often highly competitive. Balance is key; aim for the ones with decent search volume but lower competition.

Keyword Difficulty

This is a metric that shows how hard it would be to rank for a particular keyword. Tools like SEMrush and Ahrefs provide this data. A lower difficulty score generally means it’s easier to rank for that keyword.

Relevance and Intent

Consider the relevance and intent behind the keyword. Is it closely related to your product, service, or content? Does it align with the user’s intent? If the answer is yes to both, then it’s a good keyword to target.

Strategies for Long-Term Success

Keyword research isn’t a one-time activity; it’s an ongoing process. Here are some strategies for long-term success.

Regular Monitoring

Keep an eye on your keyword rankings and make adjustments as needed. Search trends change, and you need to adapt to stay ahead.

Seasonal Keywords

Certain keywords gain popularity during specific seasons or events. For example, “Halloween costumes” peak in October. Capitalize on these seasonal trends to boost your visibility.

Content Updates

Regularly update your content to include new, relevant keywords. This not only helps with rankings but also keeps your content fresh and valuable to readers.

Advanced Techniques

Once you’ve mastered the basics, it’s time to explore some advanced techniques that can further elevate your keyword research game. These methods can provide deeper insights and open up new opportunities for your SEO strategy.

Competitor Gap Analysis

One of the most effective ways to find untapped keyword opportunities is by performing a competitor gap analysis. This involves identifying keywords that your competitors are ranking for but you are not. Tools like SEMrush and Ahrefs offer this feature, allowing you to directly compare your keyword profile with that of your competitors.

Using Google Trends

Google Trends is a free tool that shows the popularity of a search term over time. It’s particularly useful for identifying seasonal trends or emerging topics. By aligning your content with these trends, you can capture more organic traffic.

Local Keyword Research

If your business has a local focus, don’t overlook the importance of local keyword research. This involves targeting keywords that are specific to the geographical areas you serve. For example, if you run a bakery in New York, you might target keywords like “best bakery in New York” or “New York sourdough bread.”

Mistakes to Avoid in Research

Even seasoned SEO professionals can make mistakes in keyword research. Being aware of these common pitfalls can save you time and resources.

Ignoring Long-Tail Keywords

One of the most common mistakes is ignoring long-tail keywords in favor of short-tail ones. While short-tail types have higher search volumes, they are also more competitive and less likely to convert. Long-tail variations, on the other hand, can offer high conversion rates and are generally easier to rank for.

Neglecting User Intent

Another mistake is not considering the user’s intent. Keywords can have different meanings, and it’s crucial to understand what the user is actually looking for. For example, someone searching for “apple” could be looking for information on the fruit or the tech company. Make sure your content aligns with the correct intent.


Over-optimizing your content with keywords is not only bad SEO practice, but it also creates a poor user experience. Use them naturally and focus on creating valuable, high-quality content.

Final Words

The world of SEO is always evolving, and staying updated is crucial. Consider subscribing to SEO newsletters, following industry experts on social media, and regularly reading up on the latest trends and updates.

By applying the principles and techniques outlined in this guide, you’re well on your way to mastering keyword research and improving your website’s SEO performance. Good luck!


Can I Do Keyword Research Without Using Any Tools?

While it’s possible to do it without specialized tools, it’s far less efficient and accurate. You can start by brainstorming potential keywords and using Google’s autocomplete feature for suggestions. 

However, you won’t have access to crucial data like search volume, difficulty, or competitor analysis, which are essential for making informed decisions.

How Often Should I Update My Keyword Research?

The frequency depends on various factors like industry trends, seasonality, and changes in search engine algorithms. However, a good rule of thumb is to review your keyword strategy at least once a quarter. This allows you to adapt to any significant changes and capitalize on new opportunities.

Is It Necessary to Include Keywords in Meta Descriptions?

While Google has stated that meta descriptions are not a direct ranking factor, a well-crafted meta description that includes your target keywords can improve click-through rates. When users see their query keywords highlighted in the search results, they are more likely to click on your link.

How Do I Know If My Keyword Research Is Effective?

The effectiveness can be measured through Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) like organic traffic, click-through rates (CTR), and conversion rates. If you see a steady increase in these metrics after implementing your strategy, it’s a good sign that your research is effective.

Should I Focus on Global or Local Keywords?

The focus depends on the nature of your business. If you have a local business that serves a specific geographic area, then local keywords are crucial. On the other hand, if your products or services appeal to a global audience, then targeting global ones is more appropriate.

Can I Use the Same Keywords Across Multiple Pages?

Using the same ones across multiple pages can lead to keyword cannibalization, where your pages compete against each other in search engine rankings. It’s better to target unique, relevant terms for each page to provide a more focused and valuable experience for the user.

Slavica Topić

Slavica Topić

I'm a multi-faceted person with a passion for creativity and a love for all things design. With a diverse background in digital marketing, graphic design, and photography. I thrive on finding innovative ways to enhance the digital space we encounter.